Korean Wave

Hannah B., 2016, The Globalization of Korean Culture, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_Nh3NPkXd4k&t=85

The video was made by Hannah B and her group. This video is the project for their World History class. Through this video, the group successfully explain the three main questions: What is the Korean wave?  Why has the Korean wave been taking over the globe? and How is Korea affected by the globalization of Korean wave?.  For the first question, the video explains the Korean Wave or the Holly Wave is the large increase in the globalization of Korean culture. The Korean wave is globalized by the K-drama, K-pops, K-cosmetics and so on… The Korean wave has been taking over the globe since the huge investment for cultural development of the government and the manufacturing of super idols. Obviously, the globalization of K-culture is beneficial to Korea. As the video’s research, the total combined sales for the first quarter of 2014 alone from the three biggest agencies was approximately a hundred and six million dollars, which help the Korean economic accelerate. In addition, from the year before since Psy’s Gangnam Style went viral, there has been a massive influx of tourists in Korea. Hannah B. and her group’s video is not a very academic video but the given information is really useful and familiar to the media student and also their target audience.


Gunjoo Jang and Won K.Paik, 2012, Korean Wave as Tool for Korea’s New Cultural Diplomacy, Korea

The journal was researched and written by Gunjoo Jang and Won K.Paik in 2012. The journal aims to explain the spread of the Korean Wave and examine its impacts on the world. By examining the relevant theories such as globalization, interdependence, soft power and world value change, the Korean Wave is critically reviewed and analyzed in order to ascertain political and policy implications for Korean diplomatic and practical directives. The authors highlight that the Korean wave has positive impacts not only on Korean politics and economics but also it would be potential for Korea to promote their cultural diplomacy as part of soft power by providing opportunities for the manipulation of Korea’s images. On the contrary, it is important to note that mobilizing Korean Wave in order to achieve many political and economic goals may provoke backlashes as in the case of anti-Korean Wave movements and slogans. G. Jang and W. K. Paik suggest that the culture should be spread naturally and designed to help educate, enhance, and sustain the relationships between countries and cultures. Through this journal, readers can deeply understand why Korean Wave is globalized and how it should be interpreted and control. In my personal view, G. Jang and W. K. Paik’s research is vital for communication studies to critically think and evaluate the Korean Wave in particular and globalization in general through the mentioned theories.

Internationalizing of higher education

Tahira Jibeen, Masha Asad Khan, 2015, Internationalization of Higher Education: Benefits and Costs, Department of Humanities, COMSATS Institute of Information and Technology, Lahore 54000, Pakistan

The journal was written by Tahira Jibeen and Mash Asad Khan from COMSATS Institute of Information and Technology, Pakistan. This article explores the two aspects of internationalization of higher education. The authors emphasize that in spite of the fact that internationalization is beneficial for both of international student and developed countries, there are many consequences as the results of the grave risk associated with the multi-faced phenomenon including of commercial profit, academic colonization and difficulty in ensuring quality education. On the one hand, internationalization of higher education educates internationally oriented student and dynamic learning environment. In addition, recruiting international student may be beneficial in the term of revenue generation and brain gain. On the other hand, it is important to note the three main costs of internationalization. Firstly, the countries which are identified as commercialization and low-quality education have to face the brain drain and loss of cultural identity due to the cross-border aspect. The second concern is about the commercial profit when it has been found that pursuing goals which are more commercial than academic in the long run. Last but not least, the quality insurance is at risk when it is hard to maintain the quality of the academic experience. It is important to note that international studying program deserves a great attention that providers, programs, credits, and qualification must be recognized at national and international. The authors’ perspectives consider both of advantage and disadvantage side of internationalization of higher education. Since the information is up-to-date and from a reliable source, the journal provides the media student the different view of internationalization of higher education.


Knight J, 1999, Internationalization of higher education: a conceptual framework, Internationalization of higher education in Asia Pacific countries, Chapter 1, p 5-17, Valencia College, Orlando Florida

This article is written by Jane Knight in 1999 at Valencia College. The journal explores the different aspects of the concept of internationalization and the various approaches to internationalization with the aim of highlighting the importance of internationalization of higher education. Knight highlights the four main aspects called “Approaches to internationalization”. The first approach is the Activity approach. It refers to categories of activity used to describe internationalization such as faculty exchange or international student. Secondly, competency approach refers to the development of skills, knowledge, attitudes and values in students, faculty and staffs. Ethos approach emphasizes on creating a culture on campus which promotes and supports international initiatives. Lastly, the process approach focuses on the integration of an international dimension into teaching, research and service through a combination of a wide range of activities, policies and procedures. In the term of globalization studies, Knight’s “Approaches to internationalization” open the way to better internationalize the universities’ environment for the international student. Therefore, while the article is useful for analyzing the approaches to internationalization, the limitation of its research base will require some adaptation to meet the needs of this assignment that requires a commentary on service or activities in diverse of the university environment.

Globalization and Media

explainitychannel, 2013, Globalization explained, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JJ0nFD19eT8

The video was produced by Explainity GmbH, a channel which makes a variety of videos in diversity of topic. In this video, explainitychannel aims to explain the background of globalization and highlight the idea that globalization is neither good or bad, it all depends on how people deal with all the new possibilities in the future. Thanks to the advanced of technology such as telephone, airplane, train and the internet, the growth of transport and communication has developed quickly. Globalization is defined as the process of exchanging information and goods. In another word, globalization is the worldwide coming together of countries and nations. Since the exchanging of people and goods all over the world, globalization is affected by many elements such as culture, languages, services, knowledge and media, and all of these elements are closely linked and influenced each other. It is also important to note that globalization also has its disadvantages aspects. The video mentions about how people and the environment often suffer by the intense exchange of goods. For example, in the age of globalization, environment is contaminated by the use of airplane, ship and lorry to transport goods over international border. In addition, many people in industrialized countries have lost their job due to the company decides to move production to an economically disadvantaged country.  Furthermore, despite the fact that job opportunity is open up for many employers in economically disadvantaged countries, their right for sufficient insurance, social insurance and health insurance are not completely provided. The video content maker clearly provided the background of globalization and different views about how globalization influence people’s lives. This video is useful for my globalization studying because of its critical view, especially about whether if globalization is good or bad and how it affect to each factors of globalization process.


Lule. J, 2011, Globalisation and Media: global village of Babel, America

“Globalization and Media” is one of the academic book written by Jack Lule in 2011. The chapter focus on the role of the media in globalization. The author emphasizes that there is no globalization without the media. Globalization and media have proceeded together through time. In another word, globalization and media interacts with each other. Without media, global trade cannot evolve since the lack of a flow of information on market, commodities, customer’s behavior or price. Without the intermingling of media and culture, religion, music, poetry or film… cannot wildly be known. In another side, as Jack Luke defined: “the media are people”. When our world is globalizing, people exchange around the world. These people actively bring their ideologies and cultures. Digital media is an example to declare the role of media in globalization. In the age of the internet, the computer allows the user to access the information and news all around the world, which have transformed cultural lives. Relating to global media studies, the book highlights the vital role of media in evolving globalization. Jack Lule skillfully argues that media plays a central role in the globalization processes which includes of both the promises and the pitfalls that globalization poses to modern human society.