Tahira Jibeen, Masha Asad Khan, 2015, Internationalization of Higher Education: Benefits and Costs, Department of Humanities, COMSATS Institute of Information and Technology, Lahore 54000, Pakistan
The journal was written by Tahira Jibeen and Mash Asad Khan from COMSATS Institute of Information and Technology, Pakistan. This article explores the two aspects of internationalization of higher education. The authors emphasize that in spite of the fact that internationalization is beneficial for both of international student and developed countries, there are many consequences as the results of the grave risk associated with the multi-faced phenomenon including of commercial profit, academic colonization and difficulty in ensuring quality education. On the one hand, internationalization of higher education educates internationally oriented student and dynamic learning environment. In addition, recruiting international student may be beneficial in the term of revenue generation and brain gain. On the other hand, it is important to note the three main costs of internationalization. Firstly, the countries which are identified as commercialization and low-quality education have to face the brain drain and loss of cultural identity due to the cross-border aspect. The second concern is about the commercial profit when it has been found that pursuing goals which are more commercial than academic in the long run. Last but not least, the quality insurance is at risk when it is hard to maintain the quality of the academic experience. It is important to note that international studying program deserves a great attention that providers, programs, credits, and qualification must be recognized at national and international. The authors’ perspectives consider both of advantage and disadvantage side of internationalization of higher education. Since the information is up-to-date and from a reliable source, the journal provides the media student the different view of internationalization of higher education.
Knight J, 1999, Internationalization of higher education: a conceptual framework, Internationalization of higher education in Asia Pacific countries, Chapter 1, p 5-17, Valencia College, Orlando Florida
This article is written by Jane Knight in 1999 at Valencia College. The journal explores the different aspects of the concept of internationalization and the various approaches to internationalization with the aim of highlighting the importance of internationalization of higher education. Knight highlights the four main aspects called “Approaches to internationalization”. The first approach is the Activity approach. It refers to categories of activity used to describe internationalization such as faculty exchange or international student. Secondly, competency approach refers to the development of skills, knowledge, attitudes and values in students, faculty and staffs. Ethos approach emphasizes on creating a culture on campus which promotes and supports international initiatives. Lastly, the process approach focuses on the integration of an international dimension into teaching, research and service through a combination of a wide range of activities, policies and procedures. In the term of globalization studies, Knight’s “Approaches to internationalization” open the way to better internationalize the universities’ environment for the international student. Therefore, while the article is useful for analyzing the approaches to internationalization, the limitation of its research base will require some adaptation to meet the needs of this assignment that requires a commentary on service or activities in diverse of the university environment.